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中華民國領海基點

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簡介[編輯]

中華民國領海基點為中華民國政府所劃定之領海基點,此處所設立的為多個基點之一,臺灣本島中編號T5,名稱為麟山鼻,基線種類是直線基線,於中華民國 98 年 11 月 18 日行政院修正。

在麟山鼻遊憩區的最北端,設有領海基點標示牌,上頭以中英文介紹著中華民國領海基點,以及地圖簡介。

此處並非容易到達,麟山鼻步道走至盡頭後,爬過高聳的風稜石,接近海口才能遇見立牌。因為抵達困難,所以遊客稀少,不過是個欣賞落日的絕佳景點。

拍攝日期:2018-11-05
拍攝地點:中華民國領海基點
所有人:Shibacat
攝影者:Shibacat

授權條款[編輯]


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立牌內文[編輯]

領海基點-麟山鼻

  中華民國主權及於領海、領海之上空、海床及其底土。行政院依「中華民國領海及鄰接區法」於民國 88 年 2 月 10 日公布「中華民國第一批領海基線、領海及鄰接區外界線」,我國領海基線之劃定以直線基線為原則,正常基線為例外。臺灣本島及附屬島嶼之基線範圍北起彭佳嶼,南至七星岩,東起三貂角,西至澎湖花嶼,並包括釣魚台列嶼,自基線起向外 12 浬間之 海域為我國領海範圍。

  「麟山鼻」位於臺北縣石門鄉,係大屯火山群火山爆發,熔岩順應著山勢奔流入海,形成向外海延伸的狹長陸地,為臺灣本島北端之岬角。東與富貴角相望,其間夾有侵蝕海岸,以西則是沙岸為海岸線重要轉折處。爰於沿岸低潮線向海最遠處選定適當地點設置領海基點,與「彭佳嶼」及「大堀溪」等領海基點相連接。

內政部

Linshanbi Basepoint

  The sovereignty of the Republic of China extends to its territorial sea, the air space over the territorial sea, as well as to the seabed and subsoil of the territorial sea. In accordance with the Law on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone of the Republic of China, the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China promulgated the “First Set of the Baselines and Outer Limits of the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone of the Republic of China” on 10 February 1999. The baselines of the territorial sea are delimited by straight lines in principle, normal baselines as exception. The baselines which encompass Taiwan Island proper and its appurtenant islands commence from Sandiaojiao in the east, to Pengjiayu in the north, to Huayu of the Penghu Islands in the west, and to Qixingyan in the south, while Diaoyutai Archipelago are also incorporated. The maritime areas falling between the baselines and the outer limits measured from baselines seawards for twelve nautical miles are the territorial sea of this country.

  Linshanbi, located at Shimen Township of Taipei County, is an elongated seaward piece of land, formed by lava flowing downhill and entering the seas during the eruptions of Datun Volcanoes, and is the northern cape of Taiwan Island. It fronts on the Fuguijiao on its eastern side with erosion coast in between and a sandy coast on its western side.It situates at an important juncture of the coastline for that a basepoint of territorial sea is set at an outermost appropriate point on the low-water line at this locality which, in turn, connects with the Pengjiayu Basepoint and the Dajuexi Basepoint, respectively.

Ministry of the Interior

名詞解釋[編輯]

領海基線[編輯]

「測算領海寬度之線。依據聯合國海洋法公約(以下簡稱「公約」)規定,沿海國可採直線基線、正常基線或群島基線等不同方式劃定該國之領海基線。」

直線基線[編輯]

「公約」第7條規定,在海岸線極為曲折的地方,或者如果緊接海岸有一系列島嶼,測算領海寬度的基線的劃定可採連接各適當點的直線基線法,因此,採直線基線法劃定領海基線時,須公布領海基點之地理坐標。

地圖資訊[編輯]

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相關頁面[編輯]

資料來源[編輯]

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